What are TOD & Equitable TOD?

Transit-oriented development (TOD) is an approach to urban development that maximizes the density of uses such as housing, businesses, and amenities, within the ½ mile radius of a transit stop, to create walkable communities and reduce reliance on automobiles. Generally, the design of TOD forges a relationship between the built environment and transit — for instance, through the orientation of buildings, walkways, and greenways — to encourage ridership and an active relationship between residents and their transit asset.

While TOD is a healthier and more sustainable way of building cities than auto-oriented development, TOD can be a driver of displacement, reducing a neighborhood’s affordability and resulting in advantages that cannot be enjoyed by existing and long-time residents. TOD can also bypass entire communities that have quality transit infrastructure in place, but receive little or no attention from anchor institutions, developers, and traditional public and private investors.

If planned and implemented inclusively and intentionally equitable transit-oriented development (eTOD) is a driver of positive transformation, ensuring that a more vibrant, prosperous, healthy, and resilient community — connected to opportunities throughout the city and region — may be enjoyed by all residents, and in particular, low-income communities and residents of color, who stand to gain the most from greater prosperity and connectivity.